American pottery design dating
Factors other than the Doulton mark can help in more accurate dating, particularly pattern names and numbers and date codes or artists monograms. Several other Doulton marks occur in the very early stages and incorporate pattern names such as ROUEN and KEW, with some remaining in use for up to twenty years.
Between 18, Henry and James Doulton acquired a major interest in the Pinder Bourne factory in Nile Street, Burlsem and changed the name to Doulton & Company, Burlsem. The following tables contain a selection of the most commonly used BURSLEM and LAMBETH ware marks.
The production of contemporary art pottery by Van Briggle as well as the fact that the company did not maintain great consistency in its bottom markings can make it difficult for novice Van Briggle collectors to determine accurate dates of production.
With a basic knowledge of clay color and texture and bottom markings, approximate dating of Van Briggle Pottery can easily be determined.
Since the majority of collectors are interested in dating early examples of Van Briggle this discussion will focus on dating examples from the 1920s and earlier.
Van Briggle Pottery produced between 1900 and early 1907 was typically clearly dated.
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This fold out brochure is in the collection of the Cooper Hewitt Library Special Collections.
The RA numbers are mostly hand-written and accompany the standard Doulton marks.Ceramic and pottery are often interchangeable archaeological terms but they do have specific differences.Stoneware and earthenware pottery are terms likely to be affixed in archaeology, to rudely made utilitarian items such as bowls, cups, jugs and pots.Doulton continued, intially, to use the base marks of PINDER BOURNE & CO and/or the initials P. Together with some additional hints that may help with dating your Doulton pottery, porcelain and stoneware. The figurine was therefore produced in 1937 The following numbers indicate the approximate date range or period when the marked item was first introduced.
There is an old rule of thumb for dating Doulton figurines; where you add 27 to the small and hardly visable number to the right of the Doulton backstamp. That is not to say that your item was produced in that year but simply that the year indicated is the earliest the piece could have been produced.
The most frequently found artefact on the archaeological excavation site is the potsherd.